Four Regions Of India Which Have Still Kept Their Cultural Value’s
India is a country of great diversity which is in terms of culture, language, practices, caste and religion. In fact, India is the only such country of the world which accommodates such a huge variety, in such varying spheres and yet stands united. In our freedom struggle, this became a big tool that had driven the Britishers out of the country. The divide and rule policy, which was their diplomacy to disintegrate India, did not work and our freedom fighters were very proud to see the unity amongst the countrymen. Today, even after 67 years of independence this diversity is heartily celebrated. The different states which were formed on linguistic basis and on the basis of similar cultural practices, define this country. Let us have a look at the different hues of India.
These are the ‘fishwalas’ of India. Back in the days any parent would say that we’ll wed our daughters to a man who knows his fish well. Things haven’t changed much. Bengali’s have always been an elite class of people with interest in literature, poetry, art and culture. This is probably what drew the Britishers here in 1600 A.D when they set up the East India Company. Bengal has produced some of the most famous writers and philosophers like Rabindra Nath Tagore, Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay, Inshwar Chandra Vidyasagar, Swami Vivekananda etc.
Their main festival is Durga Puja which in celebrated in North India as Navratre. This 6 day long festival sees merry making and enjoyment at a grand scale with professional sculptors being called from abroad. These people have a very liberal mentality and known to have unorthodox lifestyle since history. No wonder Raja Rammohun Roy, a Bengali, is the father of Indian Renaissance.
Amongst other things, Bengalis are big foodies and you’ll find yourself indulging into varieties of street foods in Kolkata. ‘Phuchka’, the Bengali version of Gol-Gappe is an instant hit among people and different kinds of chop (cutlet) is a specialty. And yes, if you haven’t talked about ‘roshogolla’, you haven’t talked about a Bengali.
Rajasthan is the largest state of India in terms of area. The same humility and open heartedness is observed in the people of this region. Rajashtan has a rich culture and their lifestyle reflects a traditional and ethnic touch. Rajasthani food is renouned for the heavenly taste and preperation style. The popular ‘bajre ki roti’ , lehsun ki chutney , ghevar and dal bati choorma are just some of the mouth watering delecasies of this region. Another ethnic group originating from Rajasthan is Marwadi. Their language is not much different from Rajasthani. Infact the name comes from a prior princely state Marwar, which is present day Jodhpur.
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These people are known to be successful businessmen. It is said about Marwadis that “(they) made the transition from being niche players in trading to becoming industrial conglomerates … From being brokers and bankers, the Marwaris went on to break the British monopoly over the jute industry after World War 1; they then moved into other industrial sectors, such as cotton and sugar, and set up diversified conglomerates. By the 1950s, the Marwaris dominated the India private industry scenario, emerging as the establishers of its most prominent business houses”.
Marathi people or simply Marathis are the inhabitants of the Indian state Maharashtra. Maratha became to prominence after the warriors under Shivaji formed an empire with the same name. Even in the same ethnic group there is a varied classification amongst Marathis, for example: Maratha-Kunbi, Bhandaris, Dhangars etc.
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In general, Marathis have a rich culture and their folk songs and dance forms are popular. The dance form Lavani, their attire nauvari and the distinctive footwear kolapuri has a worldwide familiarity. Street food in Maharashtra is very popular. Pav bhaji, pani puri, bhel puri etc are the common street foods that people enjoy and among their other delicacies is shreekhand, which is a dessert. The fashion capital of India, Mumbai which is a home to many stars, is the most popular and populous city of Maharashtra. Ganesh chaturth is their most important festival and the ritual of ‘matki-tod’ on the occasion of janmashtami is widely practiced here.
The Gujaratis, sweetly called gujju, are kind hearted and nice gentry. Belonging to the birth state of Mahatma Gandhi, Gujarat, the traditional Gujaratis are non-alcoholic and pure vegetarian. Their greeting ‘jai shree krishna’ has been made popular by the numerous TV series and is happily used by many. Gujjus are a naïve bunch of people who mostly have a mingling nature. Their food, though delicious, has the weirdest possible names which are rather funny to pronounce. The dhokla, fafda, khandvi and thepla are so popular that they are available in any confectionary shop across the country. Most of these are easy to store, dry and readymade items, ideal for instant consumption. Their main festival is navratri and the 9 daylong celebrations include dandia dance and garba.
It was written about Gujaratis … “a certain race which eats nothing that has blood, never kills any living things… and these people are neither moors nor heathens… if they were baptized, they would all be saved by the virtue of their works, for they never do to others what they would not do unto them”.