Menstruation or periods means the release of blood from a female’s vagina every month. It is a part of menstrual cycle when a woman bleeds for few days every month. The menstruation cycle is 3-8 days long depends on the body of the women.
Periods are a way of releasing a tissue that a body no longer needs.
The female reproductive system is created in such a way to nurture a child. Every month females body prepares for pregnancy.
The uterus lining becomes thicker in order to nurture a fertilized egg. An egg is released and is ready to be fertilized in the uterus.
If the egg is not fertilized, your body no longer needs the thicker lining of the uterus, so it starts to break down and is eventually expelled, along with some blood, from your vagina. This is your period, and once it’s over, the process starts all over again.
Why period cramps occur?
During your menstrual period, your uterus contracts to help expel its lining. Hormonelike substances (prostaglandins) involved in pain and inflammation trigger the uterine muscle contractions. Higher levels of prostaglandins are associated with more-severe menstrual cramps. For example if you want to let out the shampoo from the shampoo bottle then you have to squeeze the bottle, likewise the same thing happens in uterus . The thick lining comes out through vagina and causes muscle contractions.
It’s not always possible to identify the cause of painful menstrual periods. Some people are just at a higher risk of having painful periods.
These risks include:
1.being under age 20
2.having a family history of painful periods
4.having heavy bleeding with periods
5.having irregular periods
6.never having had a baby
7.reaching puberty before age 11
If you experience inconsistencies such as a change in your menstrual regularity, frequency, duration, or volume, talk to your doctor or gynecologist.